When are we expanding our diet?
There are many theories about expanding your baby's diet. When to start giving solid foods largely depends on the country, the pediatrician and the parents' approach.
The most popular theory assumes that we extend the diet in breastfed babies no sooner than after the infant is 6 months old. In babies fed formula modified milk one or two months earlier.
So when to start? First of all, it's worth checking out toddler's individual readiness to eat new foods: that is, whether a child is interested in eating his parents, demands trying, reaches for what he sees on others on a plate, knows how to sit and gives the impression that milk is not enough for him.
When expanding your diet, it's worth remembering exposure to gluten, or giving a small amount of gluten to "tame" this ingredient:
- in breastfed babies we introduce gluten when the child is 4 months old,
- in babies fed formula modified gluten after 5 months.
More on introducing gluten into the diet.
Does extending the diet start with an apple?
It's safer to start with something else. Unfortunately, a sweet apple can effectively (at least for a while) discourage the little one from other flavors.
A better idea is to start extending your diet with vegetable soup.
The first soup should be prepared for vegetable decoction (not meat decoction!). The composition does not have to be complicated. All you need is carrot, potato, a small amount of butter and semolina (exposure to gluten). In the first days, the soup should have a watery consistency, after the first meals you can prepare it in a slightly denser version.
Potato is a very popular vegetable in Poland, which is called differently in each region. It can appear already in the infant's diet after 5 months. This is because the vegetable is easily digestible, it is distinguished by a high content of starch and fiber.
In addition, potatoes include a valuable source of: sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, manganese, iron, copper, zinc, phosphorus, fluorine, chlorine, iodine, carotene, vitamins: K, B1, B2, B6, C; biotin, fructose, sucrose, starch, nicotinic and pantothenic acids.
It's worth peeling potatoes thinly! Under the skin is the most valuable ingredients!
It's best to give the baby organic carrot from a proven source or a ready meal from a jar.
If we choose the first way, steam the carrot and grate it to have a smooth texture. If we want, we can enrich the meal with a little bit of mother's food, so that the baby can accept the new taste faster. It is also worth adding to carrots a small amount of rapeseed oilo, which will provide valuable fat (fat in an infant's diet should constitute 30-45% of 24-hour energy demand).
For the first meal you can also choose porridge. The stores offer many ready-made products for children. This does not mean, however, that we must use them.
You can cook the porridge yourself. It will not be much harder, and we will definitely be sure what exactly we give the baby (protecting the child from excess sugar - ready porridges are sweetened).
We have a choice above all gluten-free cereals: millet, corn, buckwheat, tapioca. In Poland, it is produced with babies in mind rice porridge (we will already get it for around PLN 2 for 350 grams).
- Millet is a good source of fiber, vitamins PP, B1 and iron.
- Buckwheat, in turn, contains magnesium, calcium, iron, vitamins: B1, B2, PP. Is a good source of fiber.
- On the other hand, corn porridge is a valuable source of iron, vitamin B1. It is the safest choice because, like millet, it rarely causes allergies.
It is worth boiling the porridge in spring water, without the addition of salt. After preparation, mix and cool. Over time, porridges can be combined with other ingredients already known by the child, thus making the meals more attractive.
A good suggestion for a child's first meal is rice. For babies you can choose white, parboiled, brown rice. Rice rarely causes an allergy. It does not contain gluten and is easily digestible.
Child diet of 5 months
We can enter:
- Apple, raspberry and apricot purees
- mashed vegetables: carrots, potatoes, pumpkin, parsley and celery,
- white rice, brown rice, rice porridge, corn porridge